जम्मू कश्मीर पुनर्गठन बिल 2019 | राज्य पुनर्गठन कैसे होता है?

How many assembly seats are there in which state?

The Indian Constitution has given the Parliament the right to reorganize the state for the development of the citizens of India.For this, new states have been formed as per the need and demand. There is a fixed procedure for this in the Constitution, according to which a new state can be formed.  The Government of India has recently decided to reorganize the state of Jammu and Kashmir. If you do not know about the process of state reorganization, then on this page detailed information is being given about Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Bill 2019, how state reorganization takes place.

Also read: What is a bill?


Also read: What is Article 35A?

How does State Reorganization happen?

The process of formation of a new state has been mentioned in Article 3 of the Indian Constitution, this process is as follows-

  • For state reorganisation, a proposal to create a separate state is passed by the concerned state assembly . The Union Cabinet can take a direct decision if President’s rule is imposed in the state.
  • After the proposal is passed by the Assembly, the Union Cabinet  gives its approval for it.
  • A Group of Ministers is formed to discuss major issues of the state.
  • After deliberating, the Group of Ministers submits its report to the Union Cabinet. After examining this report, the Central Cabinet again gives its approval.
  • After this the Union Cabinet formulates a proposal and sends its recommendations to the President for the reorganization of the new state.
  • The President sends it to the concerned Assembly to seek the opinion of its members. A time limit is set for this.
  • After this the proposal is sent to the Central Government with the opinion of the state MLAs. The Home Ministry prepares a new cabinet note incorporating the opinions of state MLAs.
  • After this the State Reorganization Bill is sent to the Union Cabinet for approval. After getting approval, it is presented and discussed in both the houses of the Parliament. 
  • After discussion, it is passed by simple majority from both the houses.
  • After the State Reorganization Bill is passed by both the Houses, it is sent to the President for his approval. After the approval of the President, notification of the formation of the new state is issued. In this way a new state is formed.

Also read: What is Section 370

Also read: What is UAPA Bill?

Also read: What is the meaning of Section 144?


Also read: How is President’s rule imposed in the state?

Jammu Kashmir Reorganization Bill 2019

  • The Government of India has abolished Article 370 and Article 35A in Jammu and Kashmir to connect Jammu and Kashmir with the stream of development. After getting approval from the President , its notification has been issued. After this notification, the special status enjoyed by Jammu and Kashmir was abolished.
  • After the abolition of the special status, the Government of India has divided Jammu and Kashmir into two states through the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Bill 2019. The first is Jammu and Kashmir and the second is Ladakh, both these states will be union territories.
  • Jammu and Kashmir has been made a Union Territory like the capital of India, New Delhi and Pondicherry, where the Legislative Assembly will be formed. All matters of police and security will remain with the Central Government and control in the state will be maintained by the Deputy Commissioner.
  • Legislative Assembly will not be constituted in the state of Ladakh. Here the administration of the state will be run directly by the Deputy Governor.

Also read: What is no-confidence motion and trust vote?

Also read: What is Minority?

Here we have provided information about Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Bill 2019, how state reorganization takes place, if you have any kind of question in your mind related to this information, or want to get any other information related to it, then You can ask through the comment box, we are waiting for your feedback and suggestions.

Also read: How are the prices of petrol and diesel decided?

Also read: What is One Country One Ration Card Scheme?

Also read: What does one country, one election mean?