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Information about Chandrashekhar Azad ( CHANDRASHEKHAR AZAD)

India‘s great revolutionary and freedom fighter Chandrashekhar Azad was. He inspired and appealed to the youth to liberate the country, after which many great revolutionaries joined in and sacrificed their lives to liberate the country . Chandrashekhar Azad’s name has been recorded in golden letters in the history of India. He sacrificed his life for the independence of India. He did not want to fall into the hands of the British, so he shot himself with his revolver and was martyred. On this page, the biography of Chandrashekhar Azad is being told.

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Biography of Chandrashekhar Azad

The biography of Chandrashekhar Azad is as follows-

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BORN

Chandrashekhar Azad was born on July 23, 1906 in a village named Badarka in Unnao district of Uttar Pradesh . His father’s name was Pandit Sitaram Tiwari and her mother’s name was Jagrani Devi. His father used to work in the eastern area of ​​Alirajpur, which is currently situated in Madhya Pradesh. Most of Chandra Shekhar Azad’s childhood was spent in village Bhavra. His mother sent him to Kashi Vidyapeeth, Banaras to study Sanskrit.

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REVOLUTIONARY LIFE

Jallianbagh incident took place in the year 1919. He was very saddened by this incident, after which he decided to become a revolutionary. In the year 1921, when Mahatma Gandhi started the non-cooperation movement, he became actively involved in revolutionary activities. At the age of fifteen, he was captured by the British due to his revolutionary activities. When he was presented before the magistrate, when the magistrate asked his name, he told his name as “Azad”. The magistrate thus asked Chandrashekhar questions to which he replied as follows.

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1.What is your name?

Answer- My name is Azad.

2.What is your father’s name?

Answer- My father’s name is Swadhin.

3.Where is your house?

Answer- My house is a jail house.

On this the magistrate sentenced him to 15 lashes. When he was whipped at the time of punishment, he said “Bharat Mata ki Jai” with each whip. After this incident, Azad was added to his name Chandrashekhar and thus he became famous as Chandrashekhar Azad.

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Formation of Hindustan Republican Socialist Association HRSA

Chandrashekhar Azad formed the Republican Socialist Association (HRSA) with Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev and Rajguru. This formation was completely dedicated to India’s progress, independence and socialist principles. The British Police had banned this Hindustan Republican Socialist Association HRSA.

KAKORI CONSPIRACY

Weapons and money were required for revolutionary activities. For this, a plan was made to loot the government treasury from the train. On August 9, 1925, revolutionaries stopped the Saharanpur-Lucknow passenger train at a place called Kakori near Lucknow and looted the British treasure kept in it. It included ten members of Hindustan Republican Socialist Association including Chandrashekhar Azad. After this incident, the police started raids due to which he had to go to Jhansi and conducted revolutionary activities from there.

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Death of Lala Lajpat Rai

Lala Lajpat Rai was a popular leader of Punjab. Simon Commission was opposed in Lahore. To stop this protest, the British resorted to lathi charge in which Lala Lajpat Rai suffered serious injuries and he died after some time. Chandrashekhar Azad decided to avenge his death. He, along with Bhagat Singh and Rajguru, killed Superintendent of Police J. in Lahore on December 17, 1928. P. Saunders shot dead. This step created an atmosphere of fear in the British army and the Indian revolutionaries appreciated this step.

MARTYR IN ALFRED PARK

The British had sentenced Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev to death. Chandrashekhar Azad was planning to save him, for this he went to Alfred Park in Allahabad on 27 February 1931 to meet one of his friends. This information was given to the police by the informer due to which the police surrounded them from all sides inside the park. After this Chandrashekhar Azad bravely faced the police in which many British policemen were killed. Due to shortage of bullets he could not compete properly. He did not want to come alive in the hands of the British, for this he shot his last bullet on his head and fell into eternal sleep and thus a son of Bharat Mata got martyred while serving Bharat Mata, Jai Hind. ,

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